介係詞總是讓你很頭痛嗎
這次小編要來教大家有關介係詞的用法
以下整理出來的介係詞重點希望有幫助到大家能快速學會哦
 

 

 

介係詞影片介紹

 

 

(一)時間介係詞

 

介係詞

用法

範例

at

明確的時間

較短的時間

年齡

at 9:00 at lunch time

at noonat night

at the age of ten

in

長時間

/季節/

*…(時間)之後、用於未來式

In the morning

In Januaryin winterin 2007

In five days(五天後)

on

日期

特定的一天

on July 10

on Sundayon Christmas

on Monday morning

= on the morning of Monday

*in time 及時 on time 準時

during

期間

During the week

before

之前

I eat breakfast before going to school.

after

..之後

I go to school after eat breakfast.

by

用於期限

I have to finish the work by five o’clock.

through

自始至終

through the whole year

between

兩個時間之間

between Saturday and Sunday

from…to…

From seven to eight o’clock from 2006~2007

about/around

大約

About six o’clock

until(till)

直到

I didn’t go to bed until 11:00

 

(二)地方介係詞

 

 

介係詞

 用法

範例

at

地方

(小地方)

at homeat school

*at table用餐

in

..裡面

城市、國家

In the box

In Taipeiin China

*慣用: in class上課中、in bed在床上睡覺、in the tree在樹上

on

上面

on the desk

on the streeton the wayon the phone

in front of

前面

in front of the garden

in back of

(behind)

後面

in back of the house

between

之間

The post office is between the bank and the store.

beside

(next to)

旁邊

The flower shop is beside 7-11.

near

附近

There is a cat near the house.

into

(反義:out of)

 

run into the office

along

沿著

walk along the street

inside

outside

裡面

外面

inside the room

outside the room

up

向上

climb up the tree

down

向下

go down the stairs

through

穿過、穿透

the light goes through the window

to

到、去

go to school

above

之上

(不接觸表面)

The plane is above the cloud.

under

之下

(不接觸表面)

under the chair

*under eighteen 未滿18

below

之下

Her skirt is below her knees.

from

來自於

She comes from Japan.

 

(三)其他

 

介係詞

用法

範例

with

依句意解釋

1.He always brings money with him.
2.Look at the boy with a dog.
3.I often go shopping with him.
4.Cindy helps Mon with housework.
5.Languages grow and change with time.
6.He sat with his eyes closed.

without

With的反義字

People can’t live without air.

 

by

藉由

搭乘

You can get good grades by studying hard.

I go to work by bus.

in

穿

謊言

The woman in red dress is my mother.

They speak in English.

for

為了、因為

I do it for you.(Because of you, I do it.)

home前面不加介係詞

go homeget homearrive home*(at) home

 

herethere前面不加介係詞

stay hereget therecome herego there

arrive in+大地方

arrive at+小地方

arrive in Taipei

arrive at the station

交通工具

1.不可站立-in the carin the taxi

2.可站立-on the buson the trainon the plane

3.on the bikeon the motorcycleon the horse

4.on foot

 

相信大家看完後都收穫滿滿了吧
其實介係詞一點都不難!用對介係詞不但能豐富英文中的句子
還可以表達各種不同的意義喔~現在就來練習幾句介係詞的句子

 

 

1.The desk is made of stainless steel.
2.Wine is made from grapes.
3.Success is stumbling from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm.
4.They're ​building a new ​bridge across the ​river.
5.The ​moon goes around the ​earth.

 

有沒有對介係詞更熟悉了呢!每天練習一些句子就會慢慢進步唷

 

 

立即填表學好英文不再費力!加贈獎學金3,000元

 

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